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Indicators of productivity and efficiency of process.

process - set of resources and activity kinds. In process of realisation of process of an expense for production increase and, accordingly, proportionally should increase (at release of qualitative production) the added value of a product. That is to standard expenses there corresponds the standard added value. But at release of defective production of an expense for process grow (exceed standard) at the expense of the future costs for processing or completion of rejected production. At the same time the added value of a product grows former rates. Then a difference between
In cost and value gradually increases. It is shown on fig. 19: on the first operation process had no deviations, on the second and third operation of a deviation from the documentation took place.

a Fig. 19. Change of the added cost (itsennosti (v) a product in process of production passage: Sf, With - accordingly the actual and standard added costs


proizv odst vennyj process

a Fig. 19. Change of the added cost (itsennosti (v) a product in process of production passage: Sf, With - accordingly the actual and standard added costs


Thus, it is possible to consider, that the basic has set manufactures - standard increase in the added value of a product at the minimum deviations from standard expenses for process.
Let's estimate productivity of process. According to GOST R ISO 9000:2001 productivity of process is degree of realisation of the planned activity and achievement of the planned results.
By consideration of results of the process resulted on fig. 19, it is possible to notice, that, on the one hand, the process purpose - to reach the standard added value - is executed, and on the other hand, to spend thus m as small as possible resources, - is not executed, as standard (planned) expenses Sn are exceeded, that is actual expenses Sf>Sn.
As speech in the standard goes about degree productivity at is necessary for resulting in relative units (percent). Then we will receive
W = 1
Sf Sn Sn
Efficiency of process, according to same standard ISO R 9001:2001, reflects communication between the reached result and the used resources.
It can be estimated as the relation of target resources of process to the entrance. The production efficiency is defined through expenses of time and resources which should be minimum (standard). Therefore efficiency sometimes equate to productivity of process. On the other hand efficiency is maximum use of the allocated resources. For example, not used fund of working hours stanochnogo the equipment idle times of conveyors etc.
Generally for a commodity product the added value can be not reached and means for product manufacturing are spent too much. Then at an efficiency estimation it is necessary to consider in addition cost poterjannej shares of the added value.
Earlier, on fig. 7, the make-up artist of a network of interfunctional processes of manufacture of a projection was resulted by firm "Ericsson". In the given example the requirement about measurement of productivity and efficiency of processes is most brightly realised: time expenses, duration of a production cycle, the order and delivery are measured and estimated. These indicators reflect competitiveness of firm, its readiness to respond to consumer requirements.
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Indicators of productivity and efficiency of process.

  1. QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION
    make definition of efficiency of management as of a science category. Characterise efficiency of interaction macro-and mik-rostruktur, criteria and indicators. Show the multidimensional nature of efficiency of management and methods of its research. Characterise the complex approach to measurement of efficiency of management. Name criteria and indicators of efficiency of industrial
  2. Methodical recommendations.
    the System of the indicators characterising productivity of work, includes following criteria: effectiveness, profitability, quality, profitableness, efficiency (productivity), quality of a working life, introduction of innovations. In this system the basic and generalising indicator of productivity of work and economic growth as a whole is labour efficiency. It is measured as production total
  3. 2.2.2. The analysis of the basic indicators of an overall performance and investment processes at the enterprise
    it is possible to measure the Production efficiency by set of the generalising and private indicators characterising industrial and financially - economic activities of the enterprise. The bolshee the quantity of indicators will be used in the analysis, the above there will be its accuracy and efficiency. But practice shows, that for an estimation of efficiency of management of the organisation
  4. Capital productivity
    a generalising indicator of productivity OPF. Private indicators are the capacity operating ratio, productivity of separate kinds of the equipment in natural measuring instruments etc. It is possible to carry to private indicators and capital productivity of the active part OPF, which analysis is of interest from the point of view of validity of growth of this part
  5. the Principle of increase of efficiency of a social production
    provides, that all purposes and planning problems were carried out by the least expenses, i.e. With the maximum economy live and a materialised labour by production of a unit of production (works, services). It is realised through possible forms and directions resursosberezhenija and shown through system of indicators of efficiency: labour productivity growth, decrease materialo - and power
  6. 80. INDICATORS OF EFFICIENCY OF ACTIVITY OF DIVISIONS. MANAGEMENTS OF STAFF
    The technique of an estimation of efficiency of activity of divisions of management of staff bases on methods of the economic analysis, expert estimations, a mark method and the classification theory. Positions of an estimation of efficiency: The estimation is carried out by means of the certain list of the economic, social and organizational indicators selected by methods of expert estimations
  7. efficiency
    - conformity of the received result to objects in view and problems. Efficiency define or quantity of the expenses necessary for reception of certain result, or the result, received at certain expenses. At an efficiency estimation distinguish: Objective, in detail-technological indicators of efficiency (productivity, quality, reliability qualitative and quantitative); Subjective, psychological,
  8. the Theme 19. An efficiency and labour efficiency estimation
    Concept of efficiency of work. Concept of productivity (efficiency) of work. System of the criteria characterising efficiency of work. A labour efficiency indicator as basic and its generalising criterion ef-fektivnosti. Influence on labour efficiency of size of extensive use of work, intensity of work, tehniko-technological condition of production. Kinds of display of growth of labour
  9. 2.2. A technique of a complex estimation of level of management and productivity of staff of the enterprise
    the Review of the economic literature in which techniques are resulted, methods and receptions of the analysis of productivity of staff, has shown, that they assume to use the limited quantity of indicators and do not consider effect on productivity of staff of many vyshepe-rechislennyh factors. It causes of working out of a technique a clod-pleksnoj of an estimation of productivity of labour
  10. В§2. ESSENCE, INDICATORS, RESERVES AND WAYS LABOR EFFICIENCY INCREASES IN THE INDUSTRY
    Labor efficiency - an essential and capacious indicator in economy. Classics of economy are right, that to economy of working hours any economy is reduced. Productivity of work-one from the major indicators of economic efficiency. For a rate of branch economy it is necessary to know accurately its essence and main things-factors, reserves and ways of its increase to specific conditions of the
  11. 4. Indicators of productivity of services made SEO.
    that testifies To quality of service, how much it provides performance of the problems put in pawn in it, i.e. Its productivity. So, services are directed pregnant women and mothers on maintenance and birth rate increase; a problem of services in time invalidity is labour restoration, decrease in risk of repeated disease; services in carrying out of preventive actions are aimed at reduction of
  12. 5.5. The Production efficiency
    the escalating weight of a public product becomes Result of a social production. However for company it is not indifferent, by what expenses it receives a concrete public product. Therefore among social development indicators one of the major is efficiency of a social production. " In the general view efficiency is understood as a parity of results and expenses which are made for achievement of
  13. 3. 5. 2. Stages of process of the control
    We have defined the control as process of maintenance of achievement by the organisation of the purposes. Control process has following stages: an establishment of specifications, definition of efficiency of activity and updating of deviations. Let's stay on each of stages. 1. An establishment of specifications which, on the one hand, consider as criterion of efficiency of activity, and, with
  14. Methodical recommendations.
    the Estimation of productivity of work consists in definition of level of efficiency of fulfilment of work by the concrete executor. The estimation of productivity of work of administrative workers characterises their ability to make direct impact on activity of any industrial or administrative link. Productivity of work of workers is influenced by set of various factors: is natural-biological -
  15. THE THEME 1. SYSTEM OF INDICATORS OF THE PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY [1]
    the system of indicators reflecting certain proportionality between factors of production is applied To a production efficiency estimation (by a labour, means of labour and work subjects) and allowing to compare the cost of resources with results of work (issue and production realisation). In tab. 1 the matrix of indicators of a production efficiency which can be applied to any structural
  16. the Theme 20. An estimation of productivity of work of chiefs and experts of management
    Concepts "productivity of work of the worker" and "an estimation of productivity of work". Classification of the factors influencing on productivity of work: is natural-biological, social and economic, tehniko-organizational, socially-psychological, market. Criteria of an estimation of productivity of work: quality of work, quantity of work, a valuable estimation of results. Measurement of
  17. 23. Labor efficiency
    Labor efficiency characterises productivity of a manpower of the enterprise. It is defined by quantity of production made in unit of working hours, or expenses of work per unit of made production or the performed work. The basic indicators of labour efficiency at enterprise level are development indicators () and labour inputs (T) production which can be calculated under following formulas: In
  18. 27. THE BASIC CONCEPTS OF THE ANALYSIS OF USE OF THE MANPOWER OF THE ENTERPRISE
    That part of the population which has necessary physical data, concerns a manpower knowledge and skills of work in corresponding branch of an economy of the country. Sufficient security of the enterprises the necessary manpower, their rational use, a labour efficiency high level are of great importance for increase in volumes of production and production efficiency increase. In particular, the
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