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V.V. Yefimov. the Description and improvement of business processes: the manualV.V. Yefimov. - Ulyanovsk: UlGTU,2005. - 84 p., 2005

Indicators of productivity and efficiency of process.

process - set of resources and activity kinds. In process of realisation of process of an expense for production increase and, accordingly, proportionally should increase (at release of qualitative production) the added value of a product. That is to standard expenses there corresponds the standard added value. But at release of defective production of an expense for process grow (exceed standard) at the expense of the future costs for processing or completion of rejected production. At the same time the added value of a product grows former rates. Then a difference between
In cost and value gradually increases. It is shown on fig. 19: on the first operation process had no deviations, on the second and third operation of a deviation from the documentation took place.

a Fig. 19. Change of the added cost (itsennosti (v) a product in process of production passage: Sf, With - accordingly the actual and standard added costs


proizv odst vennyj process

a Fig. 19. Change of the added cost (itsennosti (v) a product in process of production passage: Sf, With - accordingly the actual and standard added costs


Thus, it is possible to consider, that the basic has set manufactures - standard increase in the added value of a product at the minimum deviations from standard expenses for process.
Let's estimate productivity of process. According to GOST R ISO 9000:2001 productivity of process is degree of realisation of the planned activity and achievement of the planned results.
By consideration of results of the process resulted on fig. 19, it is possible to notice, that, on the one hand, the process purpose - to reach the standard added value - is executed, and on the other hand, to spend thus m as small as possible resources, - is not executed, as standard (planned) expenses Sn are exceeded, that is actual expenses Sf>Sn. As speech in the standard goes about degree productivity at is necessary for resulting in relative units (percent). Then we will receive
W = 1
Sf Sn Sn
Efficiency of process, according to same standard ISO R 9001:2001, reflects communication between the reached result and the used resources.
It can be estimated as the relation of target resources of process to the entrance. The production efficiency is defined through expenses of time and resources which should be minimum (standard). Therefore efficiency sometimes equate to productivity of process. On the other hand efficiency is maximum use of the allocated resources. For example, not used fund of working hours stanochnogo the equipment idle times of conveyors etc.
Generally for a commodity product the added value can be not reached and means for product manufacturing are spent too much. Then at an efficiency estimation it is necessary to consider in addition cost poterjannej shares of the added value.
Earlier, on fig. 7, the make-up artist of a network of interfunctional processes of manufacture of a projection was resulted by firm "Ericsson". In the given example the requirement about measurement of productivity and efficiency of processes is most brightly realised: time expenses, duration of a production cycle, the order and delivery are measured and estimated. These indicators reflect competitiveness of firm, its readiness to respond to consumer requirements.
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Information related "Indicators of productivity and efficiency of process."
  1. 4.1.3. Questions for self-examination
    indicators are not considered at a static estimation of efficiency of introduction AIS? What basic indicators of efficiency expect for a static evaluation procedure? You could indicate what defects of a method of a static
  2. Criteria and efficiency indicators under concept VBM.
    indicators reflect quantitative characteristics of development of operated processes. For example, criteria of efficiency concern: profit, expenses, profitability, etc., and efficiency indicators indicate their quantitative characteristics. The traditional approaches considered in item 7.2, to measurement and an estimation of efficiency of management base on indicators of an accounting model of
  3. 80. INDICATORS OF EFFICIENCY OF ACTIVITY OF DIVISIONS. MANAGEMENTS OF STAFF
    indicators selected by methods of expert estimations and the correlation analysis and characterising end results of activity of the enterprise, labour and social activity of staff; Introduction of provision of economic incentives of achievement of end results with the least expenses of resources and a choice quality of production, work and management; soizmerenie various economic and social
  4. Production production efficiency.
    indicator characterising efficiency of current activity, profitability of production (profitability at cost)
  5. 3.3. System of indicators of activity and efficiency of activity of the enterprise
    indicators. Economic indicators are micromodels of economic events. Reflecting dynamics and about-tivorechija occurring processes, they are subject to changes and fluctuations and can come nearer or keep away from the main mission — measurements and estimations of essence of economic event, therefore the analyst should know the nature of each economic indicator, whether there is a speech about
  6. the Generalizing indicator of labour efficiency
    indicator estimated on a net production, i.e. On volume of production minus material inputs and amortisation of a fixed capital. Comparison of a labour productivity level of financial year with previous year allows to evaluate dynamics of labour efficiency for a year. Labour efficiency is estimated on one worker and on one worker. The availability of these two indicators allows to analyse shifts
  7. efficiency
    indicators of efficiency (productivity, quality, reliability qualitative and quantitative); Subjective, psychological, personal indicators of efficiency: an involvement of the different parties and levels of mentality of the person into activity realisation, activization of mental faculties, operations, actions, motivatsionno-strong-willed components; the psychological price of result on size of
  8. 8.3.2. Additional indicators of efficiency of the project
    indicators of efficiency characterising profitability, oborachivaemost and liquidity of the project settle up with the help of program Project
  9. Indicator of efficiency of investments.
    indicators of efficiency of investments is payback time of capital costs. Payback time of the capital costs which are carried out for the organisation of production, is defined under the formula: Current = To / (Pch, + Ar) (standard significance - Тн=2 year), (4.5) where To - expenses for the production organisation; Pch - the annual net profit; Ar - annual depreciation
  10. Model Kvina-Rorbaha.
    indicates degree from which in the organisation the emphasis is done or towards the control (stability, an order and predictability are preferred), or towards flexibility (innovations are preferred, adaptation and changes). Internal focus - external focus: the given measurement reflects prevalence in the organisation of interest or to the system of its internal affairs (skoordinirovanno st and
  11. factor of social profitability SR
    indicator of social efficiency is the factor of social profitability SR. It settles up by analogy to an indicator of economic profitability as the relation of a monetary estimation of social effect to expenses for production of the given social effect. Social effect SR =--. (7.1.2) Expenses As an example we will consider selective vaccination of the population in one of regions. In this case
  12. Profitability
    indicator reflecting degree of profitableness of the enterprise. In market economy there is a system of indicators of profitability. Profitability of production can be calculated both on all realised production, and by its separate kinds. Profitability of all realised production can be defined as: percentage of profit on production realisation to expenses for its manufacture and realisation;
  13. Methodical recommendations.
    indicators of activity of the organisation is carried out, characterising productivity of functioning I rub-dovogo potential, efficiency of the organisation of sociolabor relations, efficiency of systems of motivation and a payment, rationality of methods of valuation of work, efficiency of the organisation of work, productivity of working hours. Thus the estimation of efficiency of activity of a
  14. the appendix 2 The significances of indicators calculated with allowance for of offers, stated in the dissertation
    indicator of an economic conjuncture -7,5 -8,6 -5,8 1,3 5,8 6,6 3,1 2,9 2 The indicator of economic stability 5,5 0,4 5,6 8,2 7, б1 9,5 3,6 3,4 3 The indicator of industrial activity -37,2 -16,7 10,2 23,4 3,1 -1,1 -13,2 5,6 4 The indicator of market activity -36 -4 9 16,2 -2,9 -5,4 0 -2,7 5 The indicator of industrial potential 0 0 -3,4 7,3 3,5 0 5,2 -5,6 6 The indicator of sufficiency of
  15. the appendix 2 The significances of indicators calculated with allowance for of offers, stated in the dissertation
    indicator of an economic conjuncture -7,5 -8,6 -5,8 1,3 5,8 6,6 3,1 2,9 2 The indicator of economic stability 5,5 0,4 5,6 8,2 7, б1 9,5 3,6 3,4 3 The indicator of industrial activity -37,2 -16,7 10,2 23,4 3,1 -1,1 -13,2 5,6 4 The indicator of market activity -36 -4 9 16,2 -2,9 -5,4 0 -2,7 5 The indicator of industrial potential 0 0 -3,4 7,3 3,5 0 5,2 -5,6 6 The indicator of sufficiency of
  16. Labour adaptation.
    indicator of efficiency of organizational culture is average term of adaptation, i.e. time in which current again accepted workers join in the socially-psychological for them socially-psychological and is material-material environment. This indicator can be used in absolute expression (long or short term of adaptation) and relative (comparison of average terms of adaptation before change of
  17. the Production efficiency.
    indicators of growth of labour efficiency. It corresponded to the basic tendency: The living labour was superseded by machine engineering. The engineering was introduced at that economic condition, that its cost should be less, than cost of a replaced labour (it is less than wages of workers). Therefore production growth naturally led to that counting on a unit of production the living labour
  18. 53. The major factors of economic growth of the enterprise
    indicators of development of the enterprise for a certain space of time, usually for a year. For the characteristic of economic growth private indicators are used as the general, and. The general indicator of dynamics of economic growth usually considers growth of a gain, profit and profitability for the certain period of time. As private indicators labour efficiency, a production efficiency
  19. the Primary goals of the analysis
    indicators characterising work of the organisation as as a whole, and its divisions; increase of a production efficiency and guarantee of fulfilment of plans at minimum expenses; revealing and measurement of internal reserves at all stages of
  20. 2.3 Finance of the commercial organisations and the enterprises
    indicators of an overall performance of the enterprises. Questions: Essence and functions of the finance of the enterprises; Principles of the organisation of the finance of the enterprises; Expenses of the enterprise for production and a gain from its realisation; Profit and profitability as indicators of efficiency of activity of the enterprise; Production
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