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Indicators of productivity and efficiency of process.

process - set of resources and activity kinds. In process of realisation of process of an expense for production increase and, accordingly, proportionally should increase (at release of qualitative production) the added value of a product. That is to standard expenses there corresponds the standard added value. But at release of defective production of an expense for process grow (exceed standard) at the expense of the future costs for processing or completion of rejected production. At the same time the added value of a product grows former rates. Then a difference between
In cost and value gradually increases. It is shown on fig. 19: on the first operation process had no deviations, on the second and third operation of a deviation from the documentation took place.

a Fig. 19. Change of the added cost (itsennosti (v) a product in process of production passage: Sf, With - accordingly the actual and standard added costs


proizv odst vennyj process

a Fig. 19. Change of the added cost (itsennosti (v) a product in process of production passage: Sf, With - accordingly the actual and standard added costs


Thus, it is possible to consider, that the basic has set manufactures - standard increase in the added value of a product at the minimum deviations from standard expenses for process.
Let's estimate productivity of process. According to GOST R ISO 9000:2001 productivity of process is degree of realisation of the planned activity and achievement of the planned results.
By consideration of results of the process resulted on fig. 19, it is possible to notice, that, on the one hand, the process purpose - to reach the standard added value - is executed, and on the other hand, to spend thus m as small as possible resources, - is not executed, as standard (planned) expenses Sn are exceeded, that is actual expenses Sf>Sn.
As speech in the standard goes about degree productivity at is necessary for resulting in relative units (percent). Then we will receive
W = 1
Sf Sn Sn
Efficiency of process, according to same standard ISO R 9001:2001, reflects communication between the reached result and the used resources.
It can be estimated as the relation of target resources of process to the entrance. The production efficiency is defined through expenses of time and resources which should be minimum (standard). Therefore efficiency sometimes equate to productivity of process. On the other hand efficiency is maximum use of the allocated resources. For example, not used fund of working hours stanochnogo the equipment idle times of conveyors etc.
Generally for a commodity product the added value can be not reached and means for product manufacturing are spent too much. Then at an efficiency estimation it is necessary to consider in addition cost poterjannej shares of the added value.
Earlier, on fig. 7, the make-up artist of a network of interfunctional processes of manufacture of a projection was resulted by firm "Ericsson". In the given example the requirement about measurement of productivity and efficiency of processes is most brightly realised: time expenses, duration of a production cycle, the order and delivery are measured and estimated. These indicators reflect competitiveness of firm, its readiness to respond to consumer requirements.
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Indicators of productivity and efficiency of process.

  1. 4.3. Efficiency indicators: efficiency and profitability Work.
    the Basic problem of an economic theory and economic practice is the analysis of a parity of expenses and results. Expenses are defined in relation to economic resources. Results are characterised by output volume, an added value, profit, and also rates of competitiveness, qualities of a life, ecology, etc. The relation results \expenses generally is called as efficiency. One of aspects of this
  2. 8.6. Indicators of productivity of a fixed capital
    One of the major factors of increase finansovoekonomicheskoj efficiency of activity of the enterprise is achievement more complete and an effective utilisation of a fixed capital. The problem of increase of productivity of a fixed capital and capacities of the enterprises takes one of the central places in market economy formation, in conditions mnogoukladnosti. The problem consists in that on
  3. the efficiency Concept (or productivity)
    G.Emmerso-on («12 principles of labour productivity», 1912) represents the expanded interpretation of the concept of rationalisation. Last rassmat-rivaetsja Emmersonom as system of organizational and economic interaction of processes of production and its finishing to the consumer, supplying essential economy on working costs. The economic activities organisation is represented effective only in
  4. 8.9. Indicators of productivity of circulating assets
    The effective utilisation of circulating assets is of great importance for the organisation. It allows to increase volume of production and realisation of production (goods) without attraction of additional financial resources. As a result of improvement of use of circulating assets the requirement for them decreases, expenses are reduced and profitability raises, the payment discipline raises.
  5. 4. Indicators of productivity of services made SEO.
    that testifies To quality of service, how much it provides performance of the problems put in pawn in it, i.e. Its productivity. So, services are directed pregnant women and mothers on maintenance and birth rate increase; a problem of services in time invalidity is labour restoration, decrease in risk of repeated disease; services in carrying out of preventive actions are aimed at reduction of
  6. 3. The analysis of indicators of productivity of the basic production assets
    One of production management problems is maintenance of rational use of the basic production assets (OPF). The issue volume depends on productivity OPF, and also indicators have arrived also profitability. The basic generalising indicator - capital productivity (FO), characterising output from each rouble of cost of the basic production assets and expected under the formula: FO = TP / OPF (in
  7. 14.1 System of indicators of measurement of labour productivity
    Labour productivity - the indicator characterising in roubles or other monetary units quantity of made production counting on one worker of primary activity. Or in other words this relation of volume of release of a commodity output for this or that period, rasschi-tannogo, as a rule, in the comparable prices and conditions, to the average number of the industrial and production personnel
  8. 8. THE INDICATORS CHARACTERIZING LEVEL OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRIES - ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY INDICATORS
    Economic efficiency indicators - It is the group of indicators characterising level of economic development to the greatest degree as expressly or by implication shows quality, a condition and level of use of the basic and turnaround capitals of the country, a manpower. Let's allocate the following group of indicators, the important which condition of consideration at the analysis is their
  9. 7.2. System of indicators of a condition and productivity of a fixed capital
    Use of the basic production assets is characterised by indicators which are divided into 2 groups: generalising and private. Generalising indicators characterise use of a fixed capital at all levels of a national economy - the enterprises, branch and a national economy as a whole; to them carry, first of all, capital productivity and profitability. Private indicators are, as a rule, the natural
  10. 4. Indicators of productivity of assets.
    the given group of factors often name effectiveness ratio as they measure productivity of assets of the enterprise. Following factors concern them. Oborachivaemost material stocks (Oiz) - the relation of a sales volume to size of material stocks, or number of the turn-overs made by material stocks in year: Omz = the Sales volume / Material stocks. High significance of an indicator is
  11. 17. 7 Definition of indicators of labour productivity and a wages
    the Example 1. To calculate a labour productivity index Of this year Strumi - lina and a labour index of labour productivity with labour input use in quality soizmeritelja on following data. The firm makes production two divisions. Volumes of release and spent time for output in the basic and accounting periods are resulted in table 1. Table 1. Initial data Number under the Basic period the
  12. 4. Indicators of productivity of services made THAT FSS
    the Important characteristic of quality of service SEO is that, how much it provides population reproduction, i.e. its productivity. So, services in payment of grants to the citizens having children, are directed on maintenance and increase in birth rate, temporary disablement allowances are directed on creation of conditions for as much as possible full recover of the worker, and decrease in
  13. В§ 6. INDICATORS, RESERVES, FACTORS AND WAYS INCREASES OF PRODUCTIVITY OF THE FIXED CAPITAL OF THE INDUSTRY
    Productivity of a fixed capital is characterised by system of indicators: the core - kriterialnogo, additional and auxiliary. The core, kriterialnym an indicator of productivity of a fixed capital is capital productivity. Capital productivity characterises volume of made production per unit of cost of a fixed capital: Where: FO - capital productivity, rbl. TP - production volume, rbl. -
  14. QUALITY, PRODUCTIVITY AND EFFICIENCY OF MANAGEMENT
    QUALITY, PRODUCTIVITY AND EFFICIENCY OF
  15. 13.1. INDICATORS OF PRODUCTIVITY OF CIRCULATING ASSETS
    13.1. INDICATORS OF PRODUCTIVITY OF CIRCULATING
  16. 2.2.3. Methods of a quantitative estimation of indicators of productivity of staff of the enterprise
    the Personnel structure or staff of the enterprise and its change have certain quantitative, qualitative and structural characteristics which can be with smaller or bolshej by reliability degree are measured and reflected absolute and comparative figures: List and javochnaja number of workers of the enterprise; Average number of workers of the enterprise; Relative density of workers of separate
  17. 13.2. INFLUENCE OF THE ACCOUNTING POLICY ON SIZE OF INDICATORS OF PRODUCTIVITY OF THE WORKING CAPITAL
    13.2. INFLUENCE OF THE ACCOUNTING POLICY ON SIZE OF INDICATORS OF PRODUCTIVITY OF THE WORKING
  18. 4.3. Indicators of efficiency of innovations
    Set of rather-analytical indicators of efficiency of innovations (innovations) and investment projects is subdivided into three groups [33]. The indicators intended for the impact analysis of realisation of innovations and investment projects on efficiency of industrial activity of the enterprise are included in the first group. They are called as indicators of industrial efficiency of
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