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Circular model of communications.

in this model reaction kommunikanta on the message of a source in the form of a feedback is reflected. The feedback does communications by bilateral process (dialogue), allowing each of the parties
To correct the actions and the purposes. The circular (cyclic) model of communications has been offered in U.Shramma and C.Osguda's works. SHramm believed, that would be too big error to consider communications as linear process which has a beginning and there is an end. Actually it is process infinite; to correct discrepancy of linear models, it is necessary to underline cyclic character of communications, when its participants (a source and the addressee) periodically vary roles. Thus, communications are treated as bilateral process of communication when both the sender, and the addressee of the information equally co-operate with each other, communicating (signals).
Authors of model turned special attention on a problem of interpretation of the message.
If linear models (for example, Shennona-Uivera) first of all have been aimed at research of accuracy of the transferred signals reached by minimisation of technical noise in the channel in circular model the basic accent is transferred on message interpretation. As each participant of communications approaches to decoding of sense of the transferred message with the criteria in communication process there is «a semantic noise». To minimise its consequences and to make communications more effective (productive) it is possible only by means of the "feedback" mechanism.
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Circular model of communications.

  1. REMOVAL From the ACCOUNT of the TAX BEARER-ORGANIZATION
    - if the legal body is liquidated, it is obliged in 10-day term to inform in BEND, in which consists on the account, about forthcoming liquidation. The liquidating commission represents in BEND the established form the application for removal from the account, a copy of the circumspect document of founders (participants) or body of the legal person authorised on those by founding documents, or a
  2. the Graphic method
    is means of an evident illustration of economic processes. Schedules distinguish on their appointment (comparison diagrammes, chronological schedules) and on a method of construction (linear, stylar,
  3. Model of sacral type
    to described above model the doctor – the patient »became polar paternalistskaja model of relations«. Sociologist Robert N.Vilson has characterised this model as sacral. The main moral principle which formulates tradition of a sacral kind, says: «helping the patient, do not put it harm». Here main principles which the doctor on this model should
  4. the Analysis. Whether the mathematical model is constructed?
    If the model is constructed, preparation and input of basic data in model. Otherwise transition to construction of mathematical
  5. the Generalized approach to the description of the determined signals
    As model of the generalised model of any determined signal it is possible to assume model of a following kind: N xm (t) = (t), (1.55) k Where: fk (0 - co-ordinate (basic functions); ^k - parametres of model of a signal or factors of decomposition of a signal, that is always there is a difference Xm (t) - x (t). We begin to consider a signal on
  6. 17.6 Continuous model
    Paragraph 6.11 model can be generalised on model with multiple a deck cops of the given chapter. We will assume, that insurance payment opr ljaetsja the formula (7.4.3) and that the award is paid continuously by rate P
  7. 6.3 Approksimativnye ways of an estimation of density of probability
    Here the problem consists in construction of model of density of distribution. For this purpose it is necessary to choose criterion of adequacy and to construct model. Three stages thus take place: l) the model kind gets out; fM (x, fi0, el PN X Where D-parametres of model, And, the more the volume of the aprioristic information about f (x), the will be more exact a model kind; 2) the
  8. the Basic theoretical aspects of a theme
    Time series - a population of values of any indicator for some consecutive moments or time phases. Additive model - aspect model: Y=T+S+E, where T - trendovaja a component; S - a cyclical component; E - a casual component. Multiplicative model - aspect model:
  9. Selection of stationary model ARMA for a number of supervision
    If we assume, that some observable time number x1, x2..., xT it is generated by model ARMA thus there is a problem of selection of concrete model from this class which decision provides three stages: Model identification; otsenivanie models; Model diagnostics. At an identification stage the choice of some private model from all class ARMA, i.e. a choice of significances p and q is made.
  10. 1.6. Organic laws of logic of classes
    Operations over classes submit to certain laws. The substantiation of separate laws is made by means of circular schemes; thus to each class on the circular scheme there corresponds a certain plane. The result of the operation which are carried out first of all, on schemes is shaded with the horizontal line, the subsequent - vertical. Laws of addition and multiplication 1. The law
  11. Model
    The model is an ideal design, an image, display of the first copy, object of the analysis, constructed by means of thinking, consciousness. Language models, that is the models constructed by means of a natural language, are some kind of the end production of thinking already ready or nearly so ready for transfer to other native speakers. ^ Consider an open market as model of human company.
  12. Algorithm of an indirect method of the least squares
    the Structural model is transformed to a model reduced form. For each equation of a reduced form of model usual MNK the resulted factors are evaluated. Factors of a reduced form of model are transformed to parametres of the structural form of
  13. the Generalized approach to the mathematical description The determined signals
    As the generalised model of any determined signal it is possible to offer model of a following kind N xm (t) = k F k (t) (1.55) k Where: фk (t) - co-ordinate (basic) functions; X k - parametres of model of a signal or factors of decomposition of a signal abreast on functions f k (t). The model always differs from the signal, that is always there is a difference xm (t)-x (t) We begin to
  14. Lifljandsky province.
    At JUreva 1 (Derpt) in d. Rastgof Yaroslav Mudrogo's silver coin of III type 3 1838 is found. Is in meeting gr. Stroganov. ZHMNP, XVIII, 1838, 654. - Cruse, Beilage D, 19 and Beilage E, 17 and 18. - Kunik, 43, tbl. V, n 2. - Tolstoy, the Most ancient coins, 65. About. The item a circular inscription: MROSLA=L
  15. Algorithm of an indirect method of least squares
    The structural model is transformed to a model reduced form. For each equation of a reduced form of model usual MNK the reduced factors are estimated. Factors of a reduced form of model are transformed to parametres of the structural form of
  16. STRUCTURE OF MODEL AND ALGORITHMS OF MODELLING
    Structure of model of a training apparatus. The training apparatus consists of three blocks of algorithms of dynamic models: firms, a seller's market of production in the presence of the competitor and the agreement with a creditor bank. Dynamic model of firm. The model of industrial activity of firm provides creation of the basic production assets, their functioning and firm financing
  17. O.Ezel 1.
    I.I.Tolstoy has received in gift from century kn. Vladimir Aleksandrovicha Yaroslav Mudrogo's silver coin of III type 2, found on island Ezele and podneksennyj to it during one of detours of the Petersburg military district. It is in the Hermitage in meeting of the coins offered children of Tolstoy. According to I.I.Tolstoy and A.K.Markova. 1 in Estonia. 2. The item a circular inscription:
  18. 2.1.2. Laboratory work 2. Creation of following diagrammes of model
    the Purpose: to execute the further decomposition of functions, to use navigation means on model. During the previous employment all basic operations on creation of IDEFO-model by means of program BPwin have been studied. The detailed description of actions on creation of diagrammes, blocks, drawing of arrows, the name of objects of model and the diagramme can be found in the program of
  19. the Model
    is the simplified submission of a reality with inclusion only those its aspects which are represented important for model creation. At modelling (i.e. in the course of model construction) behaviour of the consumer the researcher excludes those aspects of human behaviour which do not concern consumer behaviour from the analysis or are represented insignificant. Modelling main purpose is the
  20. Useful model.
    along with opening and inventions there is one more kind of an intellectual product carrying the name useful model. The useful model is characterised by the Patent law of the Russian Federation as constructive fulfilment of production assets and consumer goods, and also their parts. The basic differences of useful model from the invention consist that, first, production and substance
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