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Z.V.Nikolaeva. Bases of the theory of communications. The Uchebno-methodical grant for students of a speciality of 350400 "Public relations"Sost. Z.V.Nikolaeva. Ulan-Udes: VSGTU, 2004

Circular model of communications.

in this model reaction kommunikanta on the message of a source in the form of a feedback is reflected. The feedback does communications by bilateral process (dialogue), allowing each of the parties
To correct the actions and the purposes. The circular (cyclic) model of communications has been offered in U.Shramma and C.Osguda's works. SHramm believed, that would be too big error to consider communications as linear process which has a beginning and there is an end. Actually it is process infinite; to correct discrepancy of linear models, it is necessary to underline cyclic character of communications, when its participants (a source and the addressee) periodically vary roles. Thus, communications are treated as bilateral process of communication when both the sender, and the addressee of the information equally co-operate with each other, communicating (signals).
Authors of model turned special attention on a problem of interpretation of the message. If linear models (for example, Shennona-Uivera) first of all have been aimed at research of accuracy of the transferred signals reached by minimisation of technical noise in the channel in circular model the basic accent is transferred on message interpretation. As each participant of communications approaches to decoding of sense of the transferred message with the criteria in communication process there is «a semantic noise». To minimise its consequences and to make communications more effective (productive) it is possible only by means of the "feedback" mechanism.
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Information related "Circular model of communications."
  1. QUESTIONS And TASKS.
    circular. Tell about features of oral communications. Result examples. Prepare performance on presentation. "Sound" it. Analyse performance of the student from the point of view of efficiency of communications. Offer the plan of carrying out of presentation.
  2. Modelling
    model) replacing The original from the certain parties, the interesting researcher. Model (from an armour. modus, modulus - a measure, the sample, norm) - analogue of real object. As model it is understood or a concrete image of studied object, or other object, real-life, similar with studied concerning some certain properties and structural features. Verbal (text), mathematical, information,
  3. Structural models of communications.
    models of the communications presented in the scientific and educational literature. The majority of them has been created in XX century But the first of known models has been offered still by
  4. Questions on a theme
    models pablik rilejshnz, the offered J. Grjunigom and T.Hunt. What is the situational model of management of communications? In what cases it is
  5. Aristotle's Model.
    model is universal — it reflects the communicative certificate both in oral, and in written forms. In this certificate three basic elements of communications are allocated: THE ORATOR - SPEECH - THE LISTENER These elements though and in the changed kind, are reproduced and in the subsequent models of communications. The Greek tradition of art of rhetoric has been continued in the Middle Ages
  6. Model of lichnostno-business qualities of the modern manager(V.M.Shepel)
    model with model of professional requests to the manager on communications. Communication management in this case in bolshej degrees is focused on consulting activity in communications sphere. And one of the basic professional requests to the manager on communications today is that concerns a category of media-rilejshnz where the basic attention is given, conditionally speaking, to PR-texts at
  7. Lifljandsky province.
    circular inscription: MROSLA=L
  8. Modelling
    models, research of models for definition or clarification of character and rationalisation of methods of construction of again designed systems and objects». Modelling grants possibility of studying of object not directly, and through consideration of other, similar to it and more accessible object - its models. Thus and modelling bases on certain understanding of a being of the modelled
  9. O.Ezel 1.
    circular inscription: MROSLA=L
  10. Time aspect.
    models of decision-making concerning number and a kind of the considered periods and terms of realisation of actions. According to it use static and dynamic models. Construction of the corresponding mathematical models used in management for decision-making, includes following stages: decision-making problem definition; model creation; model check; model
  11. Model M de the Crape.
    model Shennona-Uivera, at-attract attention also has received the further development in researches M de the Crape. In particular, he notices, that in communicative process the initial idea ("value") is transformed to "message" which the sender then translates in the "information" sent on the channel to the addressee. The addressee decodes "information" in "message" which is in turn transformed
  12. 3.1 Communal pattern of model of a statics of process of rectification
    models. ""'" If to accept as target target variables impurity level {Xdm, XWM) (or the sums of admixtures) in separation products the sample model of static dependences of target variables from major factors of process of rectification in strings of various type can be introduced the following communal expressions describing nonlinear hypersurfaces of a statics: H (} = (1,
  13. Parsons's Model.
    models ameri-kanskogo sociologist T.Parsons. The model is developed on the basis of the specification of certain functions, which any social system, including the organisation, should execute to survive and become successful. The first letters of English names of these functions in an abbreviation have entitled model - AGIL: Adaptation; Achievement of the purposes; Integration; Legitimacy; The
  14. 2.2. Kinds of models of the theory of decision-making
    models (fig. 2.2), to them following kinds of models carry: standard (classical), descriptive (opi satelnaja), Carnegie's model, model inkrementalnogo decision-making process, model of "a garbage basket»,
  15. Model
    model is an ideal design, an image, display of the first copy, object of the analysis, constructed by means of thinking, consciousness. Language models, that is the models constructed by means of a natural language, are some kind of the end production of thinking already ready or nearly so ready for transfer to other native speakers. ^ Consider an open market as model of human company.
  16. 9.10. Modelling
    modelling as process of formation and use of model with a view of concrete research are
  17. modelling
    modelling is discrete-sobytijnoe, offering to abstract from the continuous nature of events and to consider only the basic events of modelled system, such as: "expectation", «about-rabotka the order», «movement with the consignment», "unloading" and others. Discretely - sobytijnoe modelling is most developed and has huge sphere prilo-zheny - from logistics and systems of mass service to
  18. Questions for repetition
    modelling in process decision-making. Essence of mental models of decision-making. Kinds of models in theory decision-making and their significance. Substantive provisions of standard (classical) model of decision-making. Substantive provisions of descriptive model of decision-making. Substantive provisions of political model (Carnegie's model) decision-making. Model substantive provisions
  19. information model
    model - the subset of business model describing all existing (documentary and not documentary) information flows at the enterprise, rules of processing and algorithms of routeing of all types of information lays. For any economic object there is a information system (IS - definition see a glossary). Such system is called as an economic information system. The information system of economic object
  20. Model of sacral type
    model the doctor – the patient »became polar paternalistskaja model of relations«. Sociologist Robert N.Vilson has characterised this model as sacral. The main moral principle which formulates tradition of a sacral kind, says: «helping the patient, do not put it harm». Here main principles which the doctor on this model should
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